Flutter Navigation: How to Navigate Between Screens in Your App

Are you ready to take your Flutter app to the next level? Then you need to learn how to navigate between screens! In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know about Flutter navigation and show you how to implement it in your own app.

The Basics of Flutter Navigation

At its core, navigation in Flutter is about moving between different screens or pages. When a user taps a button or interacts with some other UI element, your app should be able to take them to a new screen where they can perform a different task.

In Flutter, you can navigate between screens using a navigator widget. The navigator widget provides functions for pushing and popping screens on a stack, much like the back button on a web browser. When you push a new screen onto the stack, it becomes the active screen and the user can interact with it as needed.

Setting up Your Navigation Structure

Before you can start navigating between screens in your app, you need to set up your navigation structure. This involves creating a hierarchy of screens or routes that your app can follow as the user interacts with it.

The first step is to define your routes using a map of string keys and functions that return the screens themselves. For example:

final Map<String, WidgetBuilder> routes = {
  '/': (context) => HomeScreen(),
  '/profile': (context) => ProfileScreen(),
  '/settings': (context) => SettingsScreen(),

In this example, we define three routes: one for the home screen, one for the profile screen, and one for the settings screen. These routes are mapped to widget builders, which are functions that create and return the corresponding screens.

To set up your navigation structure, you also need to create a navigator widget in your app's widget tree. This navigator will handle the actual navigation between screens, pushing and popping them onto and off of the stack as needed. Here's an example navigator widget:

  initialRoute: '/',
  onGenerateRoute: (RouteSettings settings) {
    WidgetBuilder builder = routes[settings.name]!;
    return MaterialPageRoute(builder: (context) => builder(context));

In this code, we create a new navigator widget and set the initial route to the home screen. We also define an onGenerateRoute function, which is called whenever the navigator needs to generate a new route. This function uses the routes map we defined earlier to determine the appropriate widget builder for the requested screen, and then returns a MaterialPageRoute that wraps that builder.

Navigating Between Screens

Now that you have your navigation structure set up, you can start navigating between screens! There are a few different ways to push a new screen onto the stack, depending on what you want to achieve.

Pushing a Screen with a Button

One of the most common ways to navigate between screens in Flutter is to use a button. When the user taps the button, your app should push a new screen onto the stack, allowing them to perform a different task.

Here's an example of how to do this:

  onPressed: () {
    Navigator.pushNamed(context, '/profile');
  child: Text('Go to Profile Screen'),

In this code, we define an ElevatedButton that will navigate to the profile screen when pressed. To achieve this, we use the Navigator.pushNamed function, which takes the current context and the name of the screen to push onto the stack (in this case, '/profile').

Popping a Screen with a Button

In addition to pushing screens onto the stack, you can also pop screens off of it using a button. When the user taps the button, your app should remove the current screen from the stack and return them to the previous screen.

Here's an example of how to do this:

  onPressed: () {
  child: Text('Go Back'),

In this code, we define an ElevatedButton that will pop the current screen when pressed. To achieve this, we use the Navigator.pop function, which takes the current context and removes the top screen from the stack (returning the user to the previous screen).

Setting Arguments When Navigating

Sometimes, you might want to pass additional data or arguments between screens as you navigate. For example, you might want to pass a user ID to a profile screen so it can fetch the appropriate user data.

To achieve this, you can use the Navigator.pushNamed function with an additional arguments parameter. Here's an example:

  arguments: {'userId': 'abc123'},

In this code, we navigate to the profile screen and pass it an arguments map that contains a user ID. To access this data on the profile screen, you can use the ModalRoute.of function to retrieve the current route and its arguments.

class ProfileScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final arguments = ModalRoute.of(context)!.settings.arguments as Map<String, dynamic>;
    final userId = arguments['userId'];

    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Profile Screen'),
      body: Center(
        child: Text('User ID: $userId'),


Now that you know the basics of Flutter navigation, you're ready to start building more complex apps. With the tools and techniques we've covered in this article, you should be able to navigate between screens and pass data as needed.

As always, the key to mastering any skill in Flutter (or any programming language) is practice. So get out there and start building! We can't wait to see what amazing apps you come up with using Flutter navigation.

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